South Africans live in a country blessed with beauty and diversity. We share a country with a colourful history having overcome rather significant and unique challenges.
However proudly South African we may be, we have to admit that we face serious challenges to safety daily at our homes, places of work and on the roads! It is not only the irresponsible road user giving a lift to the shady hitchhiker who is at risk, but each and every responsible driver, passenger, biker or cyclist!
In this section we would like to take a closer look at the impact of crime on our efforts to make roads safer! We will also reflect on some of the successes by law enforcement to address these concerns.
Analysis of Crime in South Africa
The SAPS provided analysis of the national crime situation 2012-2013, focusing on twenty serious crimes and these are categorized into 2 main divisions as follows:
- Seventeen community-reported crimes [Comprising 86.2% of reported crimes 2012/13]
- Contact Crime - Murder, Attempted Murder, Sexual Offences, Assault GBH, Common Assault,
Robbery Aggravating and Common Robbery (with sub-categories such as what is deemed TRIO crime: Carjacking, Robbery Residential and Robbery Other Premises/Business)
- Contact Related Crime - Arson, Malicious Damage to Property
- Property Related Crime - Housebreaking Residential, Housebreaking Other Premises, Theft of
Motor Vehicle/Cycle, Theft out of and From Motor Vehicle and Stock Theft
- Other Serious Crime - Ordinary Theft (other theft), Fraud-related (commercial crime) and Shoplifting
- Three Police –detected serious crime [Comprising 13.8% of reported crimes 2012/13]
This division comprises those crimes that are detected during police action and are naturally supposed to depict an upward trend. These include: Unlawful Possession of Firearm and Ammunition, Driving Under Influence (drugs and alcohol), and Unlawful Possession of and Dealing in Drugs.
Through a closer analysis of these crimes the relevance and threat to different types of road users and traffic conditions become much more evident! We would like to share actual examples over the past few years with some images to illustrate the risks presented by criminals.
Crimes having an impact on road conditions / Making driving dangerous
Crimes such as theft and destruction of property have an impact on the roads we drive. A visitor to the Arrive Alive website has brought to our attention the threat posed by poor lighting on a stretch of the N3. This was referred to the South African National Roads Agency and the following response was received:
N3- 12: Geldenhuy’s Interchange
- cables were stolen/vandalized
- Rings on 30m masts was stripped
- Mini-sub vandalized
N3-12: Link between Geldenhuys and Van Buuren
- The feeder/HT cable to mini-sub was stolen. The Mini-sub was vandalized. A temporary connection was done in order to get lights on. As soon the installation was energised it was discovered that the cables on the centre median was stolen
These crimes include the following:
- Theft of cables which reduces lighting on our streets, reducing visibility and endangering lives of drivers & pedestrians.
- Theft of cables causing many traffic lights at intersections to be mal-functioning or out of order.
- Theft of crash barriers and man-hole covers sold as scrap metal.
- Fences stolen especially in rural areas & next to informal settlements, creating increased risks of animals entering and crossing roads.
- Stones and other large obstructions placed on the roads with the intention of causing vehicles to crash and providing an opportunity to rob crash victims.
- Stones thrown from cross-over bridges causing road crashes & leaving the victims defenceless to robbery.
The Dangers of Sharing the Roads with those who commit Crimes
Safe driving requires responsible sharing of the roads with many other road users. Unfortunately it is not only law abiding citizens commuting or crossing the road surface.
Those who commit serious and violent crimes are less likely to obey the rules of the roads! A significant and increased threat is posed by the following road users.
- Those who are impaired and driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol.
- Those who use the roads for their criminal activities and transportation of the proceeds of crime.
- Criminals referred to as the “Blue light gangs” who present themselves as being police officials only to hijack and rob innocent road users.
- Criminals on motorbikes recently brought a tourist bus to a stop, robbing the passengers.
- Criminals who commit crimes elsewhere and use the roads irresponsibly as an escape route in their attempt at a fast “getaway”.
- Cash in transit robberies not only endanger the lives of security guards but also all those who share the roads with these vehicles.
- Taxi violence and conflict between taxi associations are placing the lives of both drivers and commuters ar risk.
How significant is the threat posed by drunk drivers?
Drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol, i.e. to use public roads after utilising drugs having a narcotic effect or drink beyond acceptable limits. There has been a continuous increase in these crimes over the past 9 years (153.1%), and during the past 4 years (17.8%), although it has reduced slightly during 2012/13 (1.0% with 71 065 recorded crime).
The increase in drug and alcohol confiscations cited above, requires focused interventions. Binge drinking, social drug use, reduction in civilian levels of firearm ownership, and continuous confiscations will reduce these police detected crimes and any form of crime associated with these facilitators.
Crimes directed at taking possession of the vehicle and contents
When we consider crime as a threat to road safety our first thoughts are about hijacking, theft of vehicles and smash and grab. These are the stories most likely to make the headlines. It is important to remember that not all crimes are violent and that criminals have also devised some clever strategies to take possession of vehicles and the contents thereof.
Crimes include the following:
- Hijacking -The most violent of road crimes.
- Smash and Grab – Violence used to rob the unsuspecting motorists at intersections and stop streets.
- Vehicle Theft : Non –violent means of taking ownership through some clever strategies such as those aimed at stealing vehicles at dealerships, workshops where vehicle repair is taking place etc.
- Theft of vehicles and contents through immobilizer jamming devices and other clever use of technology.
- Theft of other modes of transport such as mountain bikes and road bikes. There is also a new trend towards bike-jacking!
- Joggers/ Runners are also exposed to criminal attacks and we urge these road users that there is indeed strength in numbers.
There have been significant successes in combatting some of these crimes. This can be attributed to both increased law enforcement and the use of advanced vehicle tracking technology.
Carjacking has reduced by 35.7% over 9 years (2004/5-2012/13); 37.6% during the past 4 years (2009/10-2012/13); and only realised an increase of 2.0.1% during the past financial year (2012/13)
Truck jacking is another form of robbery aggravated crime and has increased by 4.7% over 9 years, reduced by 34.4% during the past 4 years, and has increased by 14.9% during the past financial year.
Robbery of Cash-In-Transit has reduced remarkably by 24.5% over 9 years; 62.4% during the past 4 years; and 20.3% during the past financial year (2012/13)
Theft of motor vehicles and motor cycles has reduced by 41.2% over 9 years; 28.4% during the past 4 years; and 4.4% during the past financial year (2012/13). The advanced technology investment in vehicle security and the increased police recoveries have contributed to the reduction in this crime.
Theft out of or from motor vehicles has reduced by 27.9% over 9 years, but increased by 18.8% during the past 4 years, and has also increased by 3.6% during the past financial year
Crimes reducing our ability to make roads safer & remove lawless road users
One of the major concerns for government and transport officials is the need to reduce fraud and corruption in the traffic environment.
Corruption or bribery is described in legal terms as the practice of tendering [and accepting] a private advantage for the performance of a duty.
On a grand scale, money intended for maintenance of roads or service provision and the upgrading or provision of facilities is diverted for private gain. On an immediate level, unqualified drivers and non-roadworthy vehicles are granted licences and certificates.
The effect of corruption is not only a loss of state revenue. When corrupt officials allow motorists who speed, or who are driving vehicles that are not roadworthy, to proceed with their journey, the consequences for other road users are potentially disastrous
Corruption manifests itself in the following activities:
Fraud & Licensing
By accepting a bribe and offering a non-competent driver a driving licence we present a threat to anyone sharing the road with that driver. During the past year several driving licence testing stations have been closed down on account of corrupt activities.
Fraud and Roadworthiness
Drivers and commuters are at risk with every non-roadworthy vehicle certified to go on the roads. This includes not only testing of the vehicle mechanisms but also testing for overloading.
Fraud , Bribery and Traffic Fines
The most common type of corruption encountered by South Africans daily are those when a traffic official is bribed to either reduce of nullify the fine for a traffic offence committed. By allowing this to continue our roads become a “free for all” where road users recklessly and willingly disobey the Rules of the Road with the assumption that they can get away with any penalty for their misbehaviour!
Fraud and corruption in legal processes following the road offence
We too often find that offenders cannot be effectively dealt with as the cases are “bungled”. Blood samples, dockets and other evidence go astray or get lost, pointing towards further corrupt activities.
We also find incidents of doctors & lawyers defrauding the Road Accident Fund. This has an impact on our ability to provide post crash relief and assistance to road crash victims.
Crimes reducing our ability to provide swift post-crash care
Every minute spent having to attend to a stab wound or the injuries from domestic violence is a minute potentially lost to the victims of a road crash! Our paramedics and first responders have to attend to victims from numerous crimes day and night which allows little/ less time available on the roads.
An alarming new trend has been incidents of violence committed towards our paramedics attending road crashes and other scenes of emergency. The theft of equipment and materials from ambulances, hospitals and paramedics reduce the ability to provide swift and effective response to road crash victims!
What can road users do to reduce the impact of crime on our roads?
Know your enemy
An informed road user is a safer road user! On the Arrive Alive website and several insurance blogs we advise road users of the risks presented by criminals and the latest techniques they use. It is important that we all stay well informed of the threats and share with one another advice and recommendations on how to protect ourselves. It is also important to pay attention to warning signs alerting us to specific hazards.
Do not assume safety / Adjust road behaviour
Never assume that the roads will be safe and be ready to adjust your driving behaviour. This will include:
- Approaching and crossing intersections with caution.
- Staying alert at night to the possible presence of animals on the roads.
- Avoiding distractions and keeping all the focus on the traffic and road conditions.
- Keeping an eye and ear on the media to stay informed of possible road closures in times of protest action. Rather take the recommended detour.
“You have a voice”
We should not leave it to the police and other enforcement agencies to tackle crime on their own . Even though we strongly advise against confronting criminals ourselves, we can assit through reporting criminal activities and providing tip-offs for follow-up!
Good citizenship requires that we all contribute and cooperate to making a difference where we can. We would like to encourage citizens to help one another in reducing crime by lending a hand and making their voices heard about crime. This can be done by contacting:
- The South African Police Emergency Number : 10111
- Crime Stop Tip-Off : 08600 10111
- Crime Line: SMS Tip Off
- Corruption Watch: 0800 023 456
- National Traffic Anti- Corruption Unit : 0861 400 800
“If all else fails”
Even the best driver may fall victim to crime. We may not be able to prevent a road crash but we may well be able to reduce the impact thereof and the severity of the injuries. We would like to urge road users to remain vigilant,buckled-in, non-distracted and to pay close attention to road and traffic conditions.
Ensure that you allow yourself enough time and space to respond to emergencies and make adequate provision for heath, medical and car insurance cover.
Conclusion - Make a difference!
Safer road will only be possible if we also manage to reduce crime in South Africa!
We can contribute towards safer roads by responding to the calls for safety. There are several NGO’s and road safety initiatives which address a variety of aspects needed to make our roads safer. These include both preventative measures as well as rehabilitation of offenders. By rendering assistance and supporting these initiatives we can create greater safety for all!
Crime Statistics: April 2013 - March 2014
Visit the South African Police Service website
Crime Statistics: April 2014 - March 2015
AA offers advice on what to do if you are caught up in civil unrest
Corruption , Traffic Enforcement and Road Safety
NICRO and the Road Offences Panel Programme